Gasification reactors are pressure vessels in which carbonaceous materials are converted into synthesis gas (also abbreviated as “syngas”). Syngas is a mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2), as well as other trace gases that can vary depending on the raw materials used and the specific gasification process.
For example, in entrained flow gasification: the feedstock is heated in a gas stream and converted into synthesis gas.
In fluidized bed gasification, on the other hand, the material is suspended in a gas stream in a fluidized bed reactor and gasified.
Steam reforming is a special gasification process in which hydrocarbons, such as natural gas or methanol, are heated with steam to produce hydrogen.
In power generation, the syngas produced is burned in gas turbines or gas engines to generate electricity, or it is used as fuel for heating processes in industrial plants.
In the chemical industry, syngas is an important source of raw materials for the production of chemicals such as methanol, ammonia and various organic compounds.
In biomass utilization, gasification reactors convert biomass, such as wood, plant waste or animal excrements, into synthesis gas, thus opening up sustainable energy sources.
Gasification reactors thus contribute to energy conversion and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Special reactors can be combined with CO2 capture technologies to help purify the synthesis gas produced and capture the CO2 before it is released into the atmosphere, thus contributing to the generation of clean energy from fossil fuels or biomass.